imgae offer

How a IPO price is decided

<a href="">Image by</a> on Freepik

Reading Time: ( Word Count: )

Spread the love

List of contents

What is IPO ?


IPO is small form of “Initial Public Offer ”  and it is the initial offer by any coming to retail investors to apply bedding for thier IPO. IPO method used by componies to collecting of money from ratail stock market.

IPO or Initial public offer is a great opportunity for investors in India to invest in the stock market. Since it is a time when many startups are coming into the market, there are multiple IPO offers as well.

However, as an investor, you need to understand how the companies value the IPO before investing in the same. There are certain factors that influence the IPO price determination and they are –

  • Number of shares issued
  • Administration and organizational set-up of the firm issuing IPO
  • The market price of the shares of competitors
  • Business model and revenue model – Whether financially sound or not
  • The growth potential of the firm
  • Market trend
  • Finally the demand for the product or the service that the firm is offering.

What is the upcoming IPO for 2022?

Here is the list of the top 10 upcoming IPO. By applying on you can invest in these companies. If still don’t know about investing. Get your Rs 0 broker Demat account and start investing.

Here is the list of upcoming IPO for 2022.

Company Name IPO in Rs (Crores) UPcoming dates
Adani Wilmar 27 January 2022
Go Airways 3,600 2022
Arohan Finacial 1,800 2022
Mobikwisk 2022
Utkarsh Small Finance Bank 1,350 2022
Ixigo 1,600 2022
Penna Cement 1,550 2022
Keventer Agro 800 2022
Paradeep Phosphates 1,255 + OFS 2022
Sterlite Power 1,250 2022
Fincare Small Finance Bank 1,330 2022
LIC 70,000 2022

How to Appy for IPO online?


Read our article to apply online IPO in 10 mins.

Methods of IPO value determination

  • Discounted Cash Flow Method: The first method which is used for determining the absolute value of the firm is DCF or Discounted Cash Flow method. It is calculated by finding out the present value of future cash flows. The future cash flows are obviously anticipated taking different assumptions from the company’s aspects.
  • Economic Value: The second method is the economic value method where the IPO value is found out by –

Value of Equity = Firm’s value + cash and investments of the firm – debt and other liabilities

It is also for finding out the absolute value.

  1. Price to Earnings Multiple: IPO value in relative terms can be found out by using the Price to Earnings multiple. Here the market cap of a firm is compared to its yearly income. The value can be derived by

Price to Earnings Multiple = Estimated Equity Value/ Net Income of the current year

  1. Value to EBITDA Multiple: Similar to the Price to Earnings Multiple, here the enterprise value is used instead of the estimated equity value and in place of net income, EBITDA is used. EBITDA stands for Earnings before interest, tax, ansd depreciation and amortization.

It is crucial for an investor to know and understand the valuing process of an IPO because the underwriters often try to look the IPO price lucrative and in such process, they turn around some financial facts and information. So, it is important for the investor to value the IPO on their own to find out if the IPO worth investing in or not.

means Initial Public Offering means any company looking for business expand financial requirements, company offer initial public and get listed for the open market.


It is when the share of a company is listed on a stock exchange for the first time and offered to the public in general. They apply for the IPO and shares are allotted according to the number of applications.

 Demat and trading. Check the latest offer for upstox demat account.

The next step after opening or registering on Upstox, you have to log in with the UCC ID (This is code which is provided by broker to your mail , Unique coustomer code) and the PAN card number.

About The Author

Ram Singh

Hey Investors, I have more than 13 years of experienced day trader and investor in stock market. Now I would also like to my views with stock investors.I love to spread free education for newbies.

Join Our Newsletter

Related Posts

Top Investing Options India

Top Investing Options India

How to start investing in India Before I begin with the know-how of how to invest in the right possible manner in stock market, I would like to share a small personal experience when I entered as a new player. Being a finance student I thought I was well equipped with...

read more


Leave a Comment


Submit a Comment